Must motorized vehicles operating on Crown land roads comply with Highway Traffic Act requirements?
If a road is public, it is governed by the Highway Traffic Act, which is administered by the Ministry of Transportation and enforced by the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP). Drivers of vehicles, including motorbikes, are subject to the Highway Traffic Act – yes, they must be licensed and insured – but all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) fall into a different category. In Ontario, ATVs are governed by the Off-Road Vehicles Act, and any child 12 or older can legally drive unsupervised on public trails, private property, and roads administered by the Ministry of Natural Resources. ATVs must be registered and insured, and drivers are required to wear helmets.