Summer is the prime season for lightning strikes in Canada. According to Environment Canada, the most lightning flashes are likely to occur in July followed by August and June, and each year, lightning kills approximately 10 Canadians and injures about 100 to 150 others. While nothing is fail-proof (and you should never underestimate how dangerous it can be), keeping these safety tips in mind should help minimize your risk of getting struck.
1. Check the weather
Before venturing far from safe shelter (like the cottage), take a look at the weather forecast first. Postpone your trip or activity if there are predictions for thunderstorms, and don’t go outside if one hits.
2. Get indoors
The worst place to be during a lightning storm is outdoors, so if you find yourself outside when you hear thunder, follow the 30-30 rule: when you see lightning and then hear thunder less than 30 seconds afterwards, head indoors as soon as possible and be wary of resuming any outdoor activities for at least 30 minutes after the last clap of thunder.
3. Unplug your electronics
If you’re inside before a storm hits, disconnect electrical appliances like radios and television sets and avoid touching or using electronic equipment, as lightning can travel through them (except battery-operated appliances—those are okay). Although they’re less common nowadays, make sure you don’t use corded landline phones (wireless ones are fine). Try to avoid concrete structures because lightning can travel through metal wires or bars in concrete walls or flooring, and if you’re outside, keep away from lawnmowers, golf carts and clubs, metal fences, motorcycles, and bicycles—they’re all excellent conductors of electricity.
4. Avoid water
Whether you’re indoors or outdoors, touching water is dangerous during a lightning storm, so refrain from doing anything that involves coming into contact with it. Lightning can travel through plumbing, so don’t do anything that involves water taps like washing the dishes or taking baths or showers during a storm. If you’re outside, don’t go boating or swimming, and if you’re already in the water, get to land as quickly as possible.
5. Position yourself properly
If you do find yourself outside and don’t have any safe shelter to get to nearby, don’t stand near tall objects or anything made of metal. Avoid being the highest point in an open area (i.e., holding an umbrella or a fishing rod) and crouch low with your feet together, keeping as little of your body touching the ground as possible.