Our marina crisis
What if your marina closed and you couldn’t get to the cottage? For some boaters, it’s not just a question, it’s a looming reality
In 2006, Pam McCracken was among the 13 cottagers facing the prospect of losing access to her property once the marina closed down. Three years ago, she began the long and frustrating process of negotiating a Land Use Permit (LUP) from the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR). Her group of 13 wanted to use an existing road that travels over a small piece of Crown land, put in a pipe dock with minimal environmental impact, and build a parking lot that would require only a small loss of trees. The problem? The four other cottagers who already used the road to access their properties objected to sharing. “They’re throwing every possible obstruction in our way,” McCracken says of the other cottagers. “We had to have Coast Guard approval. The Lake Association, the Conservation Authority, and now the Ministry of the Environment is involved. It’s horrendous. We’ve got three inches of paperwork,” she says. The cost of the LUP will be about $850 a year; in addition, McCracken estimates that it will cost each cottager a minimum of $2,000 to build the parking lot and finger docks, plus whatever road-maintenance fees are eventually negotiated with the four existing road-access cottagers. Early last fall, the MNR approved a 10-year LUP, but it’s not a long-term solution; after the permit expires, the association will have to reapply.
Environmental assessments alone cost David Pattenden and a group of water-access cottagers on Big Gull Lake $53,000 before they finally got the approval for an LUP after the two marinas at the large lake’s remote east end closed down in 2008. The agreement the group proposed to the MNR seemed straightforward, allowing for the use of a thin slice of Crown land, 150 feet long by 15 feet wide, near the site of their former marina, which had been around for 60 years. The group also wanted to create parking beside an existing lot and install floating docks for 12 boats adjacent to where boats had been docked for the past six decades. The problem was the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, which allows objectors to stall the process without any monetary input on their part. In this case, there was a small number of objectors. According to Pattenden, one thought he saw a red-headed woodpecker. “So we had to do a red-headed woodpecker study,” he says. “Six thousand bucks.” Another objector possibly spotted a skink crossing the road. The result was a skink study and another $7,000. Questions about aboriginal artifacts triggered an $8,000 archaeological study. Even after fulfilling all of the requirements of a mandatory MNR Environmental Study Report, the group had to answer again to the same objectors, who could, once more, have objected. In that case, the application would have been sent to the Ministry of the Environment, at an additional cost.
Pattenden has no problem with the municipal or federal officials involved, just with the framework of the Act. “Anybody could raise objections with impunity,” he says, “and we had to get a study and pay for it. We never thought we’d be in over $100,000 just to build twelve docks, with almost $55,000 of that being absolutely, completely, and utterly unnecessary.” As staggering as that $100,000 figure is, it could have been worse, if Pattenden hadn’t volunteered two years of his time to head up the project, saving the group from having to hire a lead advocate. Pattenden has a message for anyone expecting the government to provide docking for stranded water-access taxpayers: Don’t. “You have to pay your own way.”
“If the marina were to disappear, we would too.”
If Reinhard and Donna Friedrich ever do sell, Anstruther Lake water-access cottagers would face another complication. The lake is entirely within the boundary of a provincial park, and the existing parking lot sits on Crown land that’s regulated as parkland. Even if cottagers formed a corporation to purchase the marina, they’d have to reapply for a new LUP for the parking lot. (The Friedrichs’ own LUP isn’t transferable.) A public boat launch does exist, but as Jim Whelan, North Kawartha’s reeve and an Anstruther Lake cottager himself, points out, it’s on a small and windy site. “You could never hold a dock there,” he says. Where would that leave the lake’s water-access cottagers? With a parking lot and public launch, but no docking. Which equates to trailering boats in and out to get to properties. Not a viable option for most.
Mike King has been on Anstruther Lake for 26 years. “The water access has been part of the novelty of it for us,” he says. “Even though I’m 67 and have knee and hip trouble, I still don’t mind that little trip across the lake. But without a marina, it’s a different story.” King isn’t interested in trailering his boat in and out. “Frankly, if the marina were to disappear, we would too.” John Fautley and his wife, Marie Duchesneau, are in the same camp. “It would be a major inconvenience for me,” Fautley says. “I’m inexperienced with trailering and would have to buy a new trailer and vehicle.” Fautley says that one of the main reasons they bought a water-access cottage was because it was cheaper. He also cherishes the solitude and quiet. “We would have to try to sell, which would be at a loss, and buy a place with road access,” Fautley says. If, of course, they could afford it.
Common sense suggests that the fate of water-access cottagers should, to an extent, be the concern of the government. After all, the province made money from many of the original sales of Crown land and still collects property tax today. But help isn’t coming from that quarter soon. According to a spokesperson for the MNR, the government will not guarantee that boat slips will be available for overnight mooring to cottagers who lose access as the result of the sale of private property. At most, the MNR will maintain access by providing a boat launch.
After hemorrhaging money for the first few years, Donna and Reinhard Friedrich are now operating in the black—but only just. Reinhard doesn’t draw a salary, and all profits are reinvested in the marina. The family manages to survive financially only because Donna continues to work full-time as a nurse an hour’s drive away in Peterborough. They also cashed in all of their RRSPS and remortgaged three times to help with the improvements. After spending $27,000 to upgrade the gas pump to current environmental standards, there is nothing more galling to the couple than the sight of a cottager walking by with a jerry can full of cheaper city-bought gas. Others, however, recognize the vital importance of supporting the marina as a lifeline to their own cottages. “We have reiterated this to everyone,” says Anstruther Lake Cottagers’ Association president Paul Beamish. “Spend money at the marina—keep your boat there, get your gasoline there, shop at the store—because if they are happy financially, we are all happy.” Even so, there’s no guarantee that Anstruther Lake Marina—or yours—will still be there tomorrow just because that’s the way it’s always been, ever since anyone can remember.
This article was originally published on April 23, 2010
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